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Tattooing in Body Art
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The word Tattoo- comes from the word- Polynesian ta, which means, striking something and the-Tahitian tatu, which means, to mark something.
Tattoo involves puncturing the skin with a sharp instrument and inserting pigment through the outer layer (epidermis), into the second layer (dermis), which is the deep layer of the skin. Tattooing hurts since the needles in the tattooing machine rapidly pierces your skin. Some people describe the sensation more as a vibration than a deep pain. Some say the pain level depends on the needles used; that the sharp sensation from needles used for outlining a design are more difficult to endure than the needles used to shade the design. You can use the local anesthetics if you want to.
Today most tattoos are applied with an electric tattoo machine, which has needles that rapidly puncture the skin with an up-and-down motion. Such machines have revolutionized tattooing, expanding the ease of application and the range of colors and designs. Tattoos are intended to be permanent; only recently have expensive laser techniques allowed people to remove them.
Besides being decorative, tattoos send important cultural commitments to some group, an emblem of a rite of passage, a fashion statement. Tattooing has been used to indicate high rank in some societies, rebellion and low status in others. Tattooing is safe if proper sterilization and infection control standards are practiced. Although tattooing is a popular form of self-expression, the practice can involve potential health risks. This either means anything that is exposed to blood / body fluids must be disposed of (single - use) or sterilized.
According to scientists, one of the first tattoos known, dates back to Ootzi-the ice man, the 5,000-year-old tattooed man, whose frozen body was discovered on a mountation between Austria and Italy in 1991. He had 57 tattoos on him. In 1891, archaeologists discovered the mummified remains of Amunet, a priestess of the goddess Hathor, at Thebes who lived some time between 2160 BC and 1994 BC. She displayed several lines and dots tattooed on her body. This art form was restricted only to the women of Egypt. It was the Egyptians who spread the practice of Tattooing throughout the world.
Authors mention the use of tattoos in connection with Greeks, ancient Germans, Gauls, Thracians and ancient British. However, with the growth of Christianity, tattooing was forbidden in Europe. By 2000 BC, tattooing had stretched to Southeast Asia. The Ainu (Western Asian nomadic tribe), brought it with them as they moved to Japan.
Where procedures involving penetration of the skin are not performed correctly, they can be means of transmitting organisms that cause diseases like AIDS Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C.
Thus, it is advisable that pregnant women and persons with possible allergies to ink or dyes consult with their physician prior to getting a tattoo. Needles and other equipment used for tattoos or body piercing that are not sterilized or disinfected, or are used inappropriately among clients; increase the risk for transmitting infectious diseases such as hepatitis, tetanus, and even HIV (the virus that causes AIDS). Researchers say the infection can be passed through the reuse of needles or dye and poor sterilization practices and techniques, such as when a tattoo artist pricks the back of his hand with a needle to determine if it is too sharp. Scarring, swelling, infections, discharges, skin thickening, allergic reactions, and other complications may occur if procedures are done incorrectly or the skin is not cared for properly. Some of the precautions to be taken before getting a tattoo are:
One should get himself/herself immunized against tetanus and hepatitis B.
Check whether the tattoo parlour uses disposable needles along with disposable inks or not.
Check if the tattoo parlour is clean.
Check if the tattoo parlour uses disposable inks.
Never tattoo yourself or allow your friends to do it. Deal only with experienced parlours.
Ask what procedures are used to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. Tattoo artists should wear surgical gloves to help maintain a germ-free environment near your skin.
Needles and inks used on one person must never be used on another. Reputed and experienced tattoo parlours will always use new needles.
Make sure that the artist unwraps the needle in front of you.
Every ink used in your tattoo should be poured into a small cup specifically for your tattoo. Any leftover ink should be thrown away after your tattoo is finished.